In the course of that litigation, EPIC has obtained an admission by the agency that a single machine has stored "approximately 35,314 images" of the full body scans of courthouse visitors over a six month period. It turns out that the U.S. Marshals Service had surreptitiously saved tens of thousands of images recorded with a millimeter wave system at the security checkpoint of a single Florida courthouse. EPIC also obtained a representative sample of the images stored by the devices.
PIC v. DOJ (USMS) – Complaint
EPIC is also pursuing a Freedom of Information Act lawsuit against the Department of Homeland Security, pertaining to the use of body scanners in US airports. The DHS is currently withholding more than 2,000 images of individuals who have been subject to the airport body scanners.
In an open government lawsuit against the United States Marshals Service, EPIC has obtained more than one 100 images of undressed individuals entering federal courthouses. These routinely obtained images prove that body scanning devices store and record images of individuals stripped naked. The 100 images are a small sample of more than 35,000 such images at issue in the EPIC lawsuit.
Feds admit storing checkpoint body scan images
This privacy debate, which has been simmering since the days of the Bush administration, has reached a boiling point when Department of Homeland Security Secretary Janet Napolitano announced that scanners would soon be installed at virtually every major airport. The updated list includes airports in New York City, Dallas, Washington, Miami, San Francisco, Seattle, and Philadelphia. These "devices are designed and deployed in a way that allows the images to be routinely stored and recorded, which is exactly what the Marshals Service is doing," EPIC executive director Marc Rotenberg told CNET. "We think it's significant."
"TSA is not being straightforward with the public about the capabilities of these devices," Rotenberg said. "This is the Department of Homeland Security subjecting every U.S. traveler to an intrusive search that can be recorded without any suspicion--I think it's outrageous." EPIC's lawsuit says that the TSA should have announced formal regulations, and argues that the body scanners violate the Fourth Amendment, which prohibits "unreasonable" searches.
Epic Press Release: Documents Reveal That Body Scanners Routinely Store And Record Images
Subsequent briefs from DHS and EPIC will be due by December 15, 2010.
Of course, it’s no longer a secret why the former head of the Department of Homeland Security, Michael Chertoff has been the most active cheerleader for the installation of the full body scanners in all American airports. Chertoff is clearly motivated by his lucrative business relationship with the machine’s manufacturer. He failed to publicly disclose this paramount conflict of interest in promoting the installation of the full body scanners, from which he stands to benefit financially.
Kate Hanni, President of FlyersRights.org, said: “Michael Chertoff has marginalized himself in the worst way possible by 'selling' the flying public on claims that these Rapiscan full body scanners are a panacea. While these body scanners detect 'anomalies' that are between the skin and clothing, they will NOT detect anything in a body cavity that is deeper than 1/10th of an inch, which experts warn will likely be a part of future attacks. This just adds insult to injury, as Mr. Chertoff shamelessly peddles his wares using the nation's airwaves and a near-national tragedy."
Michael Chertoff Pitchman for Full Body Scanners
As of October 1st, 2009, 150 of these units were ordered by the Transportation Security Administration costing the American taxpayer $25 million in stimulus funds, with another 300 on order at a cost of $51 million. As Hanni's sees it, "half measures get us nothing. It's time to hit the pause button and do a wholesale review of what we have today so we can implement policies that will offer the flying public the most secure and efficient travel process possible under the current circumstances."
Following field tests at international airports in Rome, Milan, Palermo, and Venice, the Italian civil aviation authority has determined that airport body scanners are inaccurate and inconvenient. Earlier this year the European Commission found that body scanners have “raised several serious fundamental rights and health concerns,” and recommending less intrusive measures. The European Parliament Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs has announced a hearing on the Body Scanner program for October 6, 2010.
In letters to Senator Lieberman and Senator Collins, EPIC President Marc Rotenberg and consumer advocate Ralph Nader urged the Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs to "convene a public hearing to review the government's deployment of whole-body scanners at passenger security checkpoints in US airports." The Nader/Rotenberg letter states that the Department of Homeland Security and the Transportation Security Administration have "disregarded serious questions concerning the devices' effectiveness, privacy safeguards, and potential health impacts." In a letter to the US Marshal Service, Senators Lieberman and Collins earlier expressed concern about the ability of these devices to store and retain images. These concerns are now coming to the forefront of the public’s attention. In the mean time, the Department of Homeland Security is requesting $72 million to invest in detection systems, which includes funding for the backscatter machines, which cost between $100,000 and $200,000 each.
The backscatter machines use high-energy X-rays that are more likely to scatter than penetrate materials as compared to lower-energy X-rays used in medical applications. Although this type of X-ray is said to be harmless, it can move through other materials, such as clothing. When being screened, a passenger is scanned by high-energy X-ray beam moving rapidly over her body. The signal strength of detected backscattered X-rays from a known position then allows a highly realistic image to be reconstructed. In the case of airline-passenger screening, the image is of the traveler's nude form. The image resolution of the technology is high, so the picture of the body presented to screeners is detailed enough to show genitalia.
Sreeners can save these nude body images to the system's hard disk or floppy disk for subsequent viewing on either "the system monitor or on any IBM compatible personal computer with color graphics."
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